What you need to know: The perennial hot plant offers flavor nuances from medium hot to fiery hot. The flowers develop in the form of capsules only in the second year on the 50 to 80 cm tall plant with its oblong, oval and dark green leaves. They take 3-4 months to mature. During this time, they change color from green to yellow to fiery red. The hot pepper grows rather slowly and after a while should be shortened to a height of 30 cm. The small white star-shaped flowers are also very beautiful. The raw or dried fruits of the plant are used as a spice. They can also be canned or jellied.