CLONING FOR BEGINNERS
By cloning you can create a new crop with exact replicas of your favorite plants. Because the genetics are identical, you get a plant with the same characteristics, so if you come across a variety that you like but don't have seeds or want to save time on new planting, this method is for you.
Cloning not only saves you time and money by not having to plant new seeds, but also ensures that your crop will be genetically indistinguishable. In addition, cloning is the answer to independence in your garden. Given the right conditions, you can perpetuate a phenotype for as many harvests as you want without having to start new seeds.
Cloning in your garden is relatively easy and requires only a few basic elements:
-Shaver for making cuttings (try not to use scissors when taking cuttings, as they tend to break up branches, which makes rooting much more difficult)
When choosing a mother for cloning, look for plants that are healthy and about two months in the vegetative cycle. If you can't or don't want to wait, give it at least three weeks before you make your first cut - at this point in the growth phase of the plant, your new cuttings will have a better chance of rooting.
Preparing mother plants for cutting requires several steps:
Make sure you do not fertilize the plant for at least 4-5 days before taking cuttings. This will allow the nitrogen to withdraw from the leaves of your plant. When you take cuttings, the excess nitrogen in the leaves and stems will entice your clones in an attempt to grow vegetation instead of directing energy to rooting.
Work in a sterile environment. Do everything possible to avoid excessive agitation of both mother plants and new cuttings.
Look for lower branches that look good and are healthy. If transplanting into rockwool, match the stem to the root hole of your cubes to get a proper fit. Otherwise, try to take cuttings between 20-25cm with a few twigs.
Cut as close as possible to the main stem with a razor below 45 degrees to the branch. This will increase the area of your rooting space, promoting faster growth.
Place the fresh cuttings in water as soon as possible to prevent air bubbles from forming in the stem. Bubbles will prevent water from soaking into your stem and can kill a new clone. Many growers choose to make additional incisions in the stem before this step, arguing that it helps increase the potential for rooting. Take the time to do this before transferring your cuttings to water.
At this point, it is good to immerse your fresh stems in rooting hormone. Rooting gels, powders and other hormones can provide additional support to promote healthy growth. They not only accelerate the formation of new roots, but also stimulate the emergence of those where the stem has not been cut. We at growshop-bg.com strongly recommend Clonex or ClonFix. After a quick dip in some hormone, transfer your clones to the last root medium.
For even better results, you could use a solution with Root Stimulator, Root-Complex or Rootbastic instead of water. Leaving the cuttings in a pot for between 30 minutes and an hour, then apply the rooting gel and plant. This will contribute to an even faster start of your clones as well as their chances of survival.
Use grodan rockwool cubes or an equivalent like EazyPlug. Rockwool provides a great cloning environment due to its great airflow and moisture retention. You can find these on our site.
Move the cuttings to the soil. When using soil, do not choose one rich in nutrients and make sure you do not overwater your clones.
Remember to keep them in a warm and humid environment.